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Catalog Number 2011-22Photograph014
Object Name Print, Photographic
Description Photograph Bill Cramer to Clif White.

William Cato Cramer (August 4, 1922–October 18, 2003) was a U.S. Representative from Florida.

Cramer was born in Denver, Colorado. He was three years old when his parents moved to St. Petersburg, Florida. He attended the public schools and St. Petersburg Junior College and enlisted in the United States Navy in 1943, serving as a gunnery officer in the invasion of France during World War II. He served in the United States Naval Reserve from 1943 to 1946. Cramer graduated Phi Beta Kappa from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1946. He graduated from Harvard Law School in 1948 and entered private practice in Florida.

Cramer was elected to the Florida House of Representatives, serving from 1950 to 1952, and was county attorney for Pinellas County, Florida from 1953 to 1954.

Cramer ran as a Republican for the 83rd Congress in the 1952 election, but lost to Courtney W. Campbell. However, two years later, in the 1954 election, he was elected to the 84th Congress. Cramer was subsequently reelected to the seven succeeding Congresses, serving from January 3, 1955, to January 3, 1971. Cramer served as the Representative from three different congressional districts: The 1st district (84th through 87th Congresses, from 1955 to 1963), the 12th district (the 88th and 89th Congresses, from 1963 to 1967) and the 8th district (90th and 91st Congresses, from 1967 to 1971).

When first elected, Cramer was the only Republican member of Congress from Florida and the first Republican member of Congress from the state since Reconstruction. [1][2]

Cramer served as ranking member on the House Public Works Committee and was vice chairman of the House Republican Conference. He was noted for his opposition to desegregation busing. [3]

He was not a candidate for reelection in the 1970 House elections. Instead, he ran in the Senate elections, seeking the open seat being vacated by Spessard Holland, a Democrat. Cramer defeated G. Harrold Carswell in the Republican primary but was defeated in the general election by the Democrat Lawton Chiles, 53.9 to 46.1 percent.

Cramer served as delegate or alternate delegate to the Republican National Conventions from 1952 to 1984. He sat on the Republican National Committee as the representative from Florida for 20 years, from 1964 to 1984, and was the committee's general counsel for six years.

He died at the age of 81 in 2003, in South Pasadena. The cause of death was complications of a heart attack. He is interred in Woodlawn Memory Gardens in St. Petersburg.

The William C. Cramer Post Office Building is named for him. [4]
Title Photograph Bill Cramer to Clif White.
Collection White, F. Clifton Collection
People White, F. Clifton.
Orig/copy Copy
Number of images 1
Accession number 2011-22