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Collection Nicholson, George B. Collection
Title George Benson Nicholson Collection
Civil Engineer
Accession number 2012-02
Admin/Biographical History George Benson Nicholson was born in 1840 to John and Elizabeth Nicholson-in Ireland. In 1842 he immigrated to America, settling in Cincinnati, Ohio where he grew up. His father was a brewer in Ireland. At the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, George Nicholson enlisted in Company K of the 6th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He eventually was promoted to Sergeant of his company, and was discharged on June 23, 1864. In 1865 he was employed by the U. S. Government as an engineer to assist in the construction of the fortifications around Louisville, Kentucky.

His work on the Lewis and Clark expedition was centered around his re-surveying of the wagon roads to Bitterroot Mountain. The data which he collected was to be used by the author Elliot Couse in his book on Lewis and Clark written in 1893.

During the 1880's he also supervised the construction of the St.Charles bridge over the Mississippi River. As well as the consturction of lighthouse on the East coast and along the Gulf coast. In 1884 he accepted the position of Division Engineer for the Cincinnati Southern Railway Company an occuption he held for the rest of his life.

In addition to these many traits, he was a frequent contributor to the Literary Club of Cincinnati. Many of his essays read before this club are found among his records. His founding of the Engineering Society of Cincinnati brought prominence to his work as a civil engineer.

The final years of his life was spent with his sister Ada in Covington, Kentucky. Having never married, he left no descendants.

The papers of George Benson Nicholson were presented to the Ashland University Archives on September 17, 1993 by Dr. Glenn Clayton, Ashland University president. Dr. Clayton had acquired them as a gift 15 years earlier from Orrin B. Werntz, former member of the Ashland University Board of Trustees and a descendent of George B. Nicholson.

Mr. Werntz was executive vice-president and general counsel of the National Screw Machine Products Association until his retirement in 1966. He also served as Managing Director of the Pressed Metal Institute (1949-54), as Vice President/Director of the American Society of Association Executives and served on the Presidents Advisory Council to the Board of Trustees for Ashland University from 1965 to 1970. Mr. Werntz died December 17, 1986.

Caption George Benson Nicholson
Catalog Number 2012-02Archives
Creator George Benson Nicholson
Dates of Accumulation 1860 to 1914
Dates of Creation 1860
Exhibit# 0
Imagefile 010\201202Archives.JPG
Object Name Records
People Nicholson, George Benson.
Werntz, Orrin B.
Scope & Content The following boxes are part of this collection.

Box 1-Collected files of George Nicholson.
Box 2-Oversized genealogical charts compiled by George Nicholson 1897.
Box 3-John Nicholson Correspondence Book files 1825-1853
Box 4-Indian artifacts
Box 5-Writing artifacts with journals
Box 6-Lap writing desk
Storage tube 7-Indian bow with peace pipe
System of arrangement The papers of George Benson Nicholson are divided into three record storage boxes under the following areas:

1-Files on the life of G. B. Nicholson from 1860 to 1914.
2-Correspondence of John Nicholson, father of G. B. Nicholson, 1825.
3-Genealogy material assembled by G. B. Nicholson.